LEXICON AND GRAMMAR: THE ENGLISH SYNTACTICON

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1
CATEGORIES AND FEATURE INVENTORIES OF UNIVERSAL GRAMMAR

1.1 A theory and practice of well-formed Lexical Entries
1.1.1 Specifying the well-formed sentences
1.1.2 Judging the well-formed sentences
1.2 Types of syntactic categories and features
1.2.1 Canonical matching of features and categories
1.2.2 Marked feature values, including Absence of Content
1.3 A theory of phrase structure as Extended Projections
1.3.1 Lexical Projections
1.3.2 The Subject as a special phrase: I and IP
1.3.3 The DP Hypothesis and a generalized definition of Subject
1.3.4 The EPP: explaining the "strong D feature on Tense"
1.4 The interplay among derivations, the Lexicon, and Economy Principles
1.4.1 Transformational derivations
1.4.2 The Lexicon
1.4.3 Economy Conditions
1.5 An excursus into IP reference and economy at the LF Interface

CHAPTER 2
SUBCATEGORIZATION: SYNTAX AS THE MATERIAL BASIS OF SEMANTICS

2.1 Advantages of classical subcategorization
2.2 Extending and restricting subcategorization to syntactic features
2.3 Syntactic vs. semantic selection: sisterhood is powerful
2.3.1 Exclamatory complements
2.3.2 Concealed questions
2.4 Determining Theta Roles by interpretive principles
2.5 Indeterminacy of object roles: the LOCATION feature on V
2.6 Indeterminacy of subject roles: variation in principal role
2.7 A Gedanken Experiment for learning lexical entries

CHAPTER 3
SUBCATEGORIZATION INSIDE WORDS:
MORPHOLOGY AS GRAMMATICAL COMPOUNDING

3.1 Marked and unmarked headedness: English vs. Japanese
3.1.1 Phrasal domains
3.1.2 Word domains
3.2 The independence of head directionality and domain size: French word order
3.3 Combining word-internal and phrasal trees
3.4 Conflating syntactic and morphological subcategorization
3.5 Where it's at: Morphology as a special case of compounding
3.6 Relating morphological typology to free form properties
3.7 Dictionary and Syntacticon: a new slant on lexical research

CHAPTER 4
MULTI-LEVEL LEXICAL INSERTION: EXPLAINING INFLECTION AND DERIVATION

4.1 The bifurcated lexical model: Dictionary and Syntacticon
4.2 Levels of lexical insertion
4.3 Defining and dividing morphology
4.4 Inflectional morphology
4.4.1 Lexical insertion in PF
4.4.2 Classical inflection as Alternative Realization
4.4.3 The distinctions between inflectional and derivational morphology
4.4.4 Why inflection exists: invisible categories and Economy
4.5 Alternative Realization on free morphemes
4.6 Derivational morphology: the arguments of lexically derived forms
4.7 English nominalizations: confirming the Syntacticon model
4.7.1 PF lexical insertion in gerunds and present participle
4.7.2 Two levels of insertion in the syntax: derived nominals
4.7.3 Two levels of insertion in the syntax: agentive nominals
4.8 Expanded list of differences between the Dictionary and the Syntacticon

CHAPTER 5
PASSIVE SYNTACTIC STRUCTURES

5.1 The common syntax of Verbal and Adjectival passives
5.1.1 The uniform Adjectival category of -en
5.1.2 The uniform NP Movement in all passives
5.1.3 The Syntacticon entry for -en and NP trace
5.2 Differences between Verbal and Adjectival passives
5.3 Two insertion levels in syntax: two types of passive Adjectives
5.4 The Verbal (inflectional) passive
5.4.1 Explaining the Verbal passive with PF insertion
5.4.2 An influential alternative analysis
5.5 Cross-linguistic variation in impersonal passives
5.5.1 The range of variation
5.5.2 A note on expletives and phi-features
5.5.3 Parenthesis and underline notations for Alternative Realization
5.6 The strange Case of perfect participles

CHAPTER 6
THE GENESIS OF FLAT STRUCTURES:
LINKING VERBS, "LIGHT" VERBS AND "RESTRUCTURING"

6.1 Surprising consequences of higher empty heads
6.2 Flatter lexical projections for predicate adjectives and participles
6.3 Flatter lexical projections induced by "light verbs"
6.4 Theoretical limits on possible flat structures
6.4.1 The exclusion of P from extended sisterhood
6.4.2 Flat structures for grammatical V and N
6.4.3 Flat structures of pseudo-partitives
6.5 Differing lexical projections induced by restructuring verbs
6.5.1 Rizzi's compelling evidence for flat structures
6.5.2 The location of the lower subject in flat structures
6.6 The excess content of integrating syntax and morphology

APPENDIX TO CHAPTER 6
CAUSATIVE AND PERCEPTION VERB "CLAUSE UNION"

A.1 Burzio's parallels between causatives and restructuring
A.2 Kayne's three patterns of Romance causatives
A.3 Implications of a generalized definition of subject
A.4 The syntax of internal arguments which serve as LF subjects
A.5 Revising the SSC and Principle A: Local Binding at LF

CHAPTER 7
SUBCATEGORIZATION ACROSS SYNTACTIC EMPTY HEADS

7.1 A review of Revised Classical Subcategorization
7.2 The source of intermediate empty heads
7.2.1 Factors requiring extra structure
7.2.2 Factors limiting extra structure
7.2.3 Why P is the favored intermediate category
7.2.4 An empty V with have in I
7.3 The Deep Case Filter: a basis for articulated structure and recursion
7.4 The genesis of adjuncts: extending economy and the Deep Case Filter
7.4.1 The PP form of adjuncts
7.4.2 The Deep Case and economy of adjunct phrases
7.5 Empty inflectional heads and economy of non-finite clauses
7.6 Present participles and the Revised Theta Criterion

CHAPTER 8
THE RESTRICTED COMPLEMENT SPACE OF LEXICAL FRAMES

8.1 The range of single phrase complements
8.1.1 Variations on the frames ___D, ___A and ___P
8.1.2 The predicate nominal frame ___N
8.1.3 Variations on the frames ___V and ___I
8.1.4 Extrinsic features in single frames
8.2 Limitations on multiple complements
8.2.1 The puzzling descriptive generalizations
8.2.2 The role of Abstract Case in Logical Form
8.2.3 Confirmation from triple complement structures
8.3 The Case of predicate attributes
8.4 The restrictive Syntactic Lexicon confronts open-ended Conceptual Space

CHAPTER 9
LICENSING AND IDENTIFICATION OF NULL COMPLEMENTS

9.1 Syntactic identification and subcategorization
9.1.1 "Empty Operator" complement phrases
9.1.2 "Small pro" complement phrases
9.1.3 Unifying small pro and the empty operator
9.2 Three hypotheses for understood complements
9.3 Discourse identification: Grimshaw's Null Complement Anaphora
9.4 Rizzi's Generic Null Objects
9.4.1 Null Objects with the features of one(s)
9.4.2 A note on zero morphs in the Syntacticon
9.4.3 The asystematic "understood objects" of English
9.4.4 (Appendix) Licensing in the Lexical Labyrinth
9.5 The impotence of the lexical item

CHAPTER 10
UNDERSTOOD SUBJECTS: GENERALIZING PRO

10.1 Subcategorization and obligatory control
10.2 Pragmatic control
10.3 Imperatives, direct and embedded
10.4 Understood agents in passive clauses
10.4.1 The location of the agent phrase
10.4.2 The syntactic roles of the agent phrase
10.5 Nature's bottleneck