Noun Phrase Interpretations and Situation
by Fumito MIZUNO
Common noun phrases have more than one interpretation.
Ever since Carlson 1977, kind interpretation and object
are assumed to be the two basic interpretations.
Japanese bare nouns are more complex, since Japanese lacks overt
determiners and nouns are ambiguous between existential
interpretation and definite interpretation.
Not only that, common noun phrases can be used as if they were proper
nouns, for example, shushoo `prime minister' can be used to refer
to the specific individual.
This paper discusses these various interpretations of noun phrases and
how interpretations are determined in a given situation.
My proposal is that the situation determines the interpretations of
common noun phrases.
Adding the notion of situation into the Derived Kind Predication
(DKP), proposed by Chierchia 1998, relations of existential
interpretation, definite interpretations and unique, proper-noun like
interpretations of common noun phrases are explained uniformly and
Back to TALKS top page (English)
Back to TALKS Japanese page
Backto SILS top page